Schizophrenia is a severe brain disease which usually manifests in adolescence or early adulthood. It causes negative symptoms like lack of motivation, self-neglect and reduced emotion. It causes positive symptoms like hallucinations, delusions and disorganized thoughts and speech.
In Ayurveda, Schizophrenia is known as “Unmaad”. Most physicians treat this disease according to the presentation of symptoms. Patients who are excited or agitated are given “counter-irritant” treatment in the form of nasal drops. Vacha (Acorus calamus) in the powder or oil form, Shigeru (Moringa oleifera) seed powder, Marich (Piper nigrum), Tagar (Valeriana wallichii), Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra), Hingu (Ferula narthex) and Shunthi (Zingiber Officinale) + Jaggery are some of the medicines used, usually combined with “Puran Ghruta”.
After the patient is subdued, other medicines are started. These include Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentine), Jatamansi (Nardostachys Jata Mansi), Ashwagandha (Withania somniferous), Brahmi ( Bacopa Monnier), Ajwayan(Hyoscyamus niger)), Raupya Bhasma, Suvarna Bhasma, and Puran Ghruta. Different medicated ghrutas (ghee) are used orally, such as Kalyanak Ghruta, Panchagavya Ghruta, Brahmi Ghruta and Jatamansi Ghruta. Some physicians advocate the use of “Panchakarma” procedures like induced vomiting, induced purgation, and medicated enemas.
Inflammation of the mouth is known as Stomatitis. It may be caused by poor oral hygiene, burns due to hot fluid or food intake, medications, allergic reactions, or infections. While the cause of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (canker sores) is not known, nutritional deficiencies are believed to play an important role. The management of stomatitis depends upon the cause responsible for the disease.
Stomatitis is known as “Mukhpak” in Ayurveda. The standard Ayurvedic treatment for stomatitis is as follows. A decoction of Triphala (Three fruits), Patha (Cissampelos Parreira), Manuka (dried grapes), and Jai (Jasminum auriculate) leaves, combined with honey, is used for mouthwash. Cold water mixed with honey, or a decoction of Daruharidra (Berberis aristate) and alum is also used as a mouthwash. Jatyadi oil or Kamdudha mixed with cream is used for local application on the sores. Khadiradi Vati is used for sucking. Mild purgation is advised. In patients having recurrent stomatitis, blood letting is advised.
Parkinson’s disease is a movement disorder usually seen in the elderly population. This disease is characterized by tremor, stiffness, slowness of movement and impaired balance and coordination. Usually, the symptoms persist and worsen over time. Although there is currently no cure, there are many treatment options such as medication and surgery to manage the symptoms.
Parkinson’s disease is known as “Kampa Vata” in Ayurveda. The comprehensive treatment which is advised in the treatment of disturbed Vata dosha is recommended in this disease too.
Levodopa is considered the standard of treatment in Parkinson’s disease, and the herbal medicine Kapikachhu (Mucuna prurient) contains levodopa in the natural form. This is used in powder form or tablet form of aqueous extract. High doses are given, which are very effective and do not usually exhibit the side effects seen with the modern chemical molecule.
Psoriasis is a common, chronic and recurrent skin condition characterized by patches of itchy, scaly and inflamed skin called plaques. This is an autoimmune disease, where the body’s immune system malfunctions and works against itself.
The widespread disease can not only cause physical discomfort, but also severe emotional and psychological disturbance. While currently there is no cure, phototherapy, local applications and oral medications are available which can control the symptoms.