NIGER DELTA, home to 20 million people and 40 different ethnic groups, this floodplain makes up 7.5% of Nigeria’s total land mass. It is often called THE LAND OF MONEY. Niger Delta is the largest wetland and maintains the third-largest drainage basin in Africa. Its environment can be broken down into four ecological zones: coastal barrier islands, mangrove swamp forests, freshwater swamps, and lowland rainforests. This wonderfully well-endowed environment contains one of the highest concentrations of biodiversity on the planet. The area is facing serious environmental pollution due to the extraction and processing of crude oil. Some of these problems are oil spills, water, air, land, and noise pollution. Research has shown that the region could experience a loss of 41% of its inhabitable terrain in the next thirty years as a result of extensive environmental degradation and dam construction in the region.
Already the region is facing the impact of the environmental problems which include acid rain, destruction, and migration of fishes, infertile farm land, lack o clean-drinking water, no good air, noise pollution. Gas flaring is also a major problem in this region. Along with the inefficiency of gas flaring, another problem gas flaring poses is the release of large amounts of methane, which has very high global warming potential.
Areas like Eket and it’ environs in Akwa Ibom State are already importing drinking water from neighboring communities, Port-Harcourt, Bayelsa, Delta, etc are dying of the numerous environmental pollution. Despite these harmful environmental impacts, the Federal Government and the oil industry are carelessness about the situation, which is the causes of the popular militancy, killings, vandalism, shortage and irregular supply of oil, crime and general unrest Nigeria and the dependent nations for Nigeria’s oil are facing today. With the poisoning of the waters of this country and the destruction of vegetation and agricultural land by oil spills which occur during petroleum operations, one can conclude that PART OF THE WORLD IS DYING RAPIDLY
Note: Climate Change is a threat to us, the people of the earth. Therefore, we must come together to proffer potential/sustainable solutions to the problems of our environment.
By Okon E. Promise