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We often land in situations that seem difficult to escape. This usually happens because we are unaware about our rights and the laws relevant to these situations. Bayside Journal lists out five basic rights that we are legally entitled to and which can save our a***s.

1. Don’t Pay the Fine if the Ticket Collector Doesn’t Have an ID

Every citizen has the right to ask the Ticket Collector (TC) for his ID proof before showing his or her ticket. If the TC refuses to show his or her ID, you have the full right to refuse to show your ticket.

However, it is always advisable to travel with ticket.

2. You Do Not Need to Pay a Rupee above the MRP

There may be many instances where you have bought ice cream, packaged water, soft drinks, and so on for a price above the MRP. Retailers and shopkeepers call the excess amount ’refrigeration cost’. But did you know that you can refuse to pay this cost?

Rule 18 (2) of the Legal Metrology (Packaged Commodities) Rules says, “No retail dealer or other person including manufacturer, packer, importer and wholesale dealer shall make any sale of any commodity in packed form at a price exceeding the retail sale price thereof. Under this rule, the shopkeeper will be fined Rs 2000 for charging you extra.”

3. You Can Get the Excess Amount Charged by Going to Consumer Court

Apart from asking for compensation for the harassment caused to you and the cost of litigation, you can also get back the excess amount you were charged by the shopkeeper. In the Hotel Nyay Mandir v. Ishwar Lal Jinabhai Desai case, the consumer court not only directed the offender to refund the excess amount charged, but also to pay Desai a compensation of Rs 5000, cost of Rs 1,000, and Rs 1,50,000 to the Consumer Welfare Fund.

4. Restaurants Cannot Deny You Free Water or a Visit to the Bathroom 

According to the Indian Sarais Act, 1867, any individual can ask for water free of charge from any hotel at any time for themselves and their pets. Furthermore, he or she can use the washroom for free, and no one can stop them.

5. Making out in Public Is Not a Criminal Offence

Section 294 of the Indian Penal Code states:

 Obscene acts and songs.— Whoever, to the annoyance of others —

(a) does any obscene act in any public place, or

(b) sings, recites or utters any obscene song, ballad or words, in or near any public place, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three months, or with fine, or with both.

From the above-mentioned section, it is evident that obscenity in public is a criminal offence. However, it does not specifically mention kissing or hugging in public.

Ashwath Nair is a handpicked product of the Bayside Pathfinder where we empower the young and the young at heart with the power of storytelling. To become a part of our extended family of unique contributors, call up Prem Madnani at +91 9892913788 or email him on

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