Mirza Asadullah Beg Khan was one of the greatest poets the world has ever seen. He was born in Agra into a family of Turkish ancestry and had seven children who died in infancy. The pain of losing his children coupled with his unhappy marriage is reflected in his poetry which often talks about love and loss. He adopted the pen name Ghalib, which in Urdu means conqueror. Ghalib was given the title of “Dabir-ul-Mulk” by the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II. He was also bestowed the title of “Najm-ud-daula” and ‘Mirza Nosha’. Ghalib was appointed as the Emperor’s poet tutor in 1854 and the royal historian of Mughal Court.
Ghalib passed away on February 15, 1869 at the age of 71. A century-and-a-half later his poetry, most notably his ghazals continue to inspire poets and poetry lovers the world. On the occasion of his 148th death anniversary, Bayside Journal brings to you a translation of his greatest works: