A kidney stone is a hard, crystalline mineral material formed within the kidney or urinary tract. Kidney stones are a common cause of blood in urine and often severe pain in the abdomen, flank, or groin. Kidney stones are sometimes called renal calculi. One in every 20 people develops a kidney stone at some point in their life.

The condition of having kidney stones is termed nephrolithiasis. Having stones at any location in the urinary tract is referred to as urolithiasis.


Kidney stones form when there is a decrease in urine volume and/or an excess of stone-forming substances in the urine. The most common type of kidney stone contains calcium in combination with either oxalate or phosphate. Other chemical compounds that can form stones in the urinary tract include uric acid and the amino acid cystine.

Dehydration from reduced fluid intake or strenuous exercise without adequate fluid replacement increases the risk of kidney stones. Obstruction to the flow of urine can also lead to stone formation. Kidney stones can also result from urinary tract infection, these are known as struvite or infection stones.

Men are especially likely to develop kidney stones, and Caucasians are more often affected than blacks. The prevalence of kidney stones begins to rise when men reach their 40s, and it continues to climb into their 70s. People who have already had more than one kidney stone are prone to develop more stones. A family history of kidney stones is also a risk factor for developing kidney stones.

Unani Treatment:

  • 1. Hajrul Yahood 20 gm, Sang sarmahi 20 gm, Habbul Qilt, Tukhm Karfas, Tukhm Gazr, Tukhm Tarb, Tukhm Shibbat, Jawakhar each 6 gm. Make powder and use 6 gm two times daily with Sharbat Bazoori mutadil 20 ml.
  • 2. Jawarish Zaruooni sada 10 gm at bed time.

Source by Dr Izharul Hasan