Definition of pancreas
The pancreas is an organ in the upper abdomen under the stomach and adjacent to the first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum. The pancreas is composed of two parts: the exocrine glands that secrete enzymes for digestion, and endocrine glands that produce hormones, including insulin to regulate blood sugar. Thus, tumors can develop in one or both parts of the pancreas.
What is pancreatic cancer?
Pancreatic cancer is a highly malignant tumor types. Levels of pancreatic cancer worldwide increased, more common in older people, men more than women ages 40-65 years, but the last few years occurred at a younger age. Pancreatic cancer malignancy level is very high, from the discovery of the disease to death on average within 5 months, with a survival rate for 5 years by about 5%. Among them, there are only 15-20% of patients who can receive operations, among 40% of patients receiving surgery has been found to deployment, the postoperative survival rate of only 10%.
Symptoms of pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer occurs when cells in the pancreas develop mutations in the DNA. This mutation causes the cells to grow uncontrollably and continued to live after the death of normal cells. These cells can clump together to form tumors. In addition, pancreatic cancer is one type of cancer that is difficult to diagnose, these cancers are often only be known after the spread through the body. Commonly symptoms of cancer as follows:
- The pain often develops in the lower abdomen and sometimes spreads to the back. The pain may become worse after eating or lying person.
- Yellowish is a sign of cancer cells successfully blocking the duct in the liver. As a result of bilirubin, which is the breakdown of red blood cells that are old, can not enter into the heart. This condition causes the sufferer skin looks yellowish in some locations.
Pancreatic cancer spreads very quickly and has a worse prognosis compared with other cancers. Symptoms of the cancer are difficult to be diagnosis then it makes difficulties on surgical. Throughout avoid smoking, cancer can be prevented both same women and men. To prevent pancreatic cancer, you should avoid smoking and life healthy.