Hepatitis can be defined as inflammation of the liver. The inflammation occurs when liver cells die and the body’s immunity sends in special cells that actually account inflammation during trying to help the body restore the liver. Such inflammation may clear up on its own, or continue on as chronic inflammation.There are many factors of hepatitis.But the most common cause of hepatitis is viruses.There are three types of hepatitis.Treatment options depend on the type of hepatitis.
- Hepatitis A treatment
Hepatitis A is the initial stage of hepatitis.For this stage of hepatitis, there are no particular medicines to cure infection with hepatitis A. Most victims require no treatment but these few are primitive treatment options for this stage.
- Expect to have less energy
Many victims with hepatitis A infection feel exhausted and have less energy to complete their daily task. A patient may need many days off work or school in order to improve.
- Find ways to cope with nausea
Nausea can cause difficulty eating.Eat small snacks all over the day rather than three large meals. Try soft comfortably digested foods like as soup yogurt and toast.
- Give your liver a rest
The liver may have difficulty processing medications and alcohol if the victim has hepatitis A. drugs, with your doctor. The doctor may recommend stopping or replacing some of medications.urgent stop drinking alcohol if you have symptoms of hepatitis An infection.
Hepatitis B treatment
- Pegylated interferon alfa-2b (Pegasys)
This medicine is used alone as well as used with another drug in combination.Pegylated interferon declines the multiplication of the virus and increases the body’s immune system to fight the infection.It gives best results in persons who have comparably low levels of HBV DNA.Pegylated interferon mostly is not given to people whose liver illness has proceeded to cirrhosis, because it can make the liver damage dreadful.Treatment is mostly given for 48 weeks which is shorter as compared to other medications but pegylated interferon needs regular shots which are injections and other medications are taken as orally.Pegylated interferon causes some unpleasant side effects in many victims.The side effects are like to having the flu. For many victims, side effects are fatal that they cannot allow taking the medication more.Interferon stops the liver damage in up to 40% of victims although relapse is accessible.
- Nucleoside/nucleotide analogs (NAS)
These medicines are compounds that characterize normal building blocks for DNA. When the virus efforts to use the analogs it is incapable to make new viral particles.Some of these agents include adefovir (Hepsera), lamivudine (Epivir-HBV, Heptovir, Heptodin), Telbivudine (Tyzeka) and tenofovir (Viread).NAS declines the quantity of virus in the body. Between 20% and 90% of victims may have levels decreased so far that they become indistinguishable.This is a broad range. The higher success rates are accomplished in victims who do not have hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg). HBeAg can be detected by a blood test and shows that the virus is actively replicating.Side effects of this medicine are less common as compare to pegylated interferon. NAS has been correlated with changes in body fat allocation declined blood cell counts and higher levels of lactic acid in the blood.Some times NAs are correlated with a fatal flare of hepatitis that can be serious or life threatening.
Hepatitis C treatment
At this stage, treatment is united with pegylated interferon and ribavirin which contains Rebetol and Copegus.victims who have a problem with ribavirin may be treated alone with pegylated interferon. Earlier preparations of interferon are less effective and not commonly used.
- Pegylated interferon
Interferons are a series habitually existing proteins that are produced by the body to fight against viral infections.To create pegylated interferon the interferon is altered by joining ethylene glycol to it. This procedure is known as pegylation and it declines the elimination of interferon from the body so that its effects are more extended.
Ribavirin is an antiviral agent.It is a nucleoside analog that is taken orally.Nucleoside analogs are artificial molecules that closely similar to the biochemical units that are produced by genetic material like RNA and DNA. Ribavirin efforts by cheating the virus into using it alternatively of the usual building blocks and slowing viral reproduction. Ribavirin does not do work appropriately when it is used alone in hepatitis C.
- Combined pegylated interferon and ribavirin
Associate therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin creates a sustained virologic response in 28% to 50% of the victim with genotype 1.
In victims with genotype 2 collaborated response rates are higher (76% to 82%).
The time period of therapy relay up on the genotype of the HCV.
This is a brief technical discussion about this disease treatment options.