Qualitative Research Manuscript


Lashua, B and Fox, K (2006) Rec Needs a New Rhythm Cuz Rap is Where We’re Living. Leisure Sciences. 28:267-283

Research Topic

The research topic shows sharing stories consistent with indigenous methodology establishes a frame for remixing leisure theory. The setting shows Aboriginal young people and particularly those living in poverty in the inner city who use rap music as an expression of political and social struggles and the narratives express means of survival, camaraderie, community and joy.

Research Question

How do Aboriginal young people challenge leisure theory and its relevance through their rap and hip hop performances?

Purpose of Study

The purpose of Lashua’s and Fox’s qualitative study is to review themes of stories and songs that people create. The purpose includes creating a need to share stories. Fundamentally as qualitative research, the goal is to preserve and analyze situated form, content and experience of social action in a leisure manner. The qualitative research takes the form of narratives, verbal descriptions that are transferable to other settings. Stories from individuals are collected and as analysis of the stories proceeds, the researchers fill in gaps in the stories. Qualitative and rhetorical researchers have the ability to conduct exploratory research by observing phenomenon without any preconceived notions of Franco, English, and Canadian norms and values. The qualitative research involves a simultaneous process of analyzing data while also collecting data. The data collection and analysis are simultaneous activities. This procedure differs from traditional approaches in quantitative research in which data collection occurs first followed by data analysis.

Theoretical Framework

The theoretical approach is an ethnographic strategy for self reflection on Aboriginal young people by sharing stories consistent with indigenous methodologies and establishing a frame for remixing leisure theory. The article offers an extensive review of themes of listening to stories and songs that people create. As a qualitative study, the aim is a detailed description of stories that enfolds following rules agreed upon by members of the qualitative research community.

Research Method

The ethnographic research procedure includes describing, analyzing and interpreting cultural stories of shared patterns of behavior, beliefs and language as it develops over time. Considerable time is spent listening to stories and songs, observing and through content analysis gather themes in order to understand culture, language, shared behaviors and beliefs. Added themes can also be deduced based on the setting, subject based communication and subject intentionality. As ethnographers, Lashua and Fox are interested in understanding the Aboriginal culture itself in terms of the meanings attached to culture and the importance of communication in constructing those meanings.

Data Analysis

Data analysis includes describing and developing theories that form an in-depth understanding of the cultural phenomena through description and thematic development. The discussions presented a chronology with descriptions of events and settings, themes, layering interconnected themes and discussions using participants views to challenge accepted and hidden assumptions.

Research Variables

Through the performance vision, the stories and songs convey meaning to the audience. Some of the songs are simple and direct and for some there is a distance between the author, the artist and the audience. There are three variables in the study. The first are the ordinary themes that the researchers expect to find such as rap being leisurely, the second are the unexpected themes that are surprises and not expected to surface during the study such as new and old rap, and the third are hard to classify themes that contain ideas that do not fit into one theme or that overlap with several themes. The key elements of the stories are survival from physical harm and the subculture demonstrating “edge work.” The adventures in the stories establish claims that are positive and respectable. The stories and songs allows us to explore and work through feelings and ideas we may not even know we have.

The Lashua article on rap has credibility because the researchers personal qualifications speak on the subject and there is complete and accurate research that integrates literature appropriately. There is dependability because the claims suggest there is a positive relationship between expressed story telling and levels of engagement, perspective taking, entertainment, relaxation, escape, excitement and frequently ranked benefits. The story themes are transferable and are appropriate. The shared experience of music requires both the composers of the narratives, the audience and the ensuing performance to become co-production with “participative selves” and “explicit vocality.”


The qualitative study provides trans-formative explanations through story telling and songs that define inter-actions, transactions that help people in understanding ideas. Helping to transform stories and theories about phenomenon into more accepted notions is an aspect of knowing, claiming and transforming. With an ethnographic design the article encourages diversity and openness of cultures and suggests ways to help people claim stories of the oneness of the human community as part of our heritage and being guided by the stories. To engage in story telling and songs are approaches that focus on the big picture with encouragement for mutual goals of learning and living the stories. It is interesting to note the skills of the free style rapper including those of mentor, a leader of group activities, a youth worker, an entertainer, a stress reliever and recreational leader.

Source by Alusine Melvin Moseray Kanu DA